Creating a NextCloud Personal Cloud Service

Article published on :


We will implement a personal cloud service as does so well dropbox or again Google. For this we will use a Linux distribution, here Debian 9. This will allow you to access your personal data, documents from anywhere. texts, spreadsheets, etc.... We will therefore need a server equipped with of the latest updates.
Here, we will implement this service with NextCloud, a Free Cloud software and free of charge. It should be noted that there are other software programs such as OwnCloud, Seafile, .... I realized this choice because this software offers us more customization options and is freer than OwnCloud. However, it should be noted that this software is a derivative of OwnCloud and therefore allows a transition between OwnCloud and NextCloud, since the two databases are identical. This software is also updated more frequently that OwnCloud. My choice was therefore based on these criteria.

The parts :

  1. Prerequisites
  2. Installing NextCloud
  3. NextCloud server configuration
  4. Adding functionality
  5. Conclusion
  6. Sources


To install NextCloud on a Debian server, you must first have the following elements following:

  • Apache2
  • PHP 7
  • Unzip
  • MariaDB for a MySQL server
  • A domain name
  • A domain certificate such as lets encrypt
I assume that all this has already been done. So I'm going to pass off to its installation. My actions are done as a Root!



To install NextCloud, you will need to create a database and an associated user. For to do this you can do this from the command line if you do not have PHP MyAdmin: Opening of the SHELL MySQL:
mysql -u root -p
Now you can type and execute MySQL queries. So we will create a base of data named NextCloud by doing this:
It is now necessary to create a user named NextCloud with the password Iroise29 :
>CREATE USER@ NextCloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY'Iroise29';
Now, let's add all the privileges for this user on this basis:
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON NextCloud . TO'NextCloud' @'localhost';
Validation of changes and return to the Linux command prompt:

Download NextCloud

We will now install the NextCloud software. For that we must go to in:
cd /var/www/html
Downloading the NextCloud archive:
We will now unzip the downloaded file:
unzip -d
We will now give all write and read permissions to the NexCloud directory in order to that the software can work normally. To do this, we will you have to do this:
chmod -R 700 nextcloud-14.0.1
sudo chown -R http

Creation of a VirtualHost Apache to access NextCloud from a browser

For that we will edit the file, for that we will launch the next order :
nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/
Now let's enter this ("#" Means it's a comment):

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin # Administrator's email address
DocumentRoot /var/www/html/nextcloud
ServerName # Domain name belonging to us allowing us to access the service
ServerAlias # Domain aliases
Alias /nextcloud "/var/www/html/nextcloud/"
<Directory /var/www/html/nextcloud>
Options +FollowSymlinks
AllowOverride All
<IfModule mod_dav.c>
Dav off
SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud
SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud
ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/nextcloud-error_log
CustomLog /var/log/apache2/nextcloud-access_log common
You can now leave this phase by saving the edited file. We restart Apache 2:
systemctl reload apache2
Let's move on to the configuration.


To configure your cloud server, you must go to a browser and go to the address you have previously defined. for example.
You should normally get a result such as the image on the right:

You will first need to enter a user name that will be part of the Administrator group. Then you will choose a password associated with it.
We will also configure the path to the file directory. This one is automatically filled in by default. You will therefore have the choice to modify it if you want it. Be careful however, the web server must have all the rights of reading and writing on the mentioned directory. It is therefore the same with its subfolders.
The part that will interest us to make our server useful is the configuration of the database. Remember, we created an empty database with a user partner. We will connect to it by filling out the form associated with the type MySQL/MariaDB.

You will therefore have to fill in the information in the following order:

  • The username of the database, here I had chosen NextCloud.
  • The associated password, I had taken Iroise29.
  • The name of the database, here NextCloud.
  • The IP address of the MySQL server, it can also be local. However, it is necessary to specify the port. Example: localhost:3306 or

Then we have to connect and the server will automatically fill the database with tables and will update them with each use. That's it, we've finished the basic configuration of the server and you have a server operational.

Adding Features

To add features you have a market place within your server, with practically only open-source applications. So it's an advantage for our server. You can add a WebMail, a calendar application, a text open-source as well. Nothing could be easier, go to the market place, then click on add the application or installed and then your service is already ready.
I let you discover all the applications.


You therefore have a cloud web application accessible from a connection internet via a browser or an application. To connect via an application you can find them on platforms such as Google Play and the App Store under IOS. There are also applications from other platforms such as MacOS, Windows or Linux.
The advantage of this service is that it is free of rights and we have the possibility to improve it and put it in our image since the source codes are available on Github.

My different projects


Card image cap

System and Networks

In this section you will find various articles on the creation of systems/softwares infrmatic, in particular the creation of servers (mail, active directory server, etc.) ...

Card image cap


In this section you will find documents explaining different programming languages but also some of my achievements.

Card image cap

Technological Watch

Technological monitoring makes it possible to keep abreast of new technologies implemented. Here you will find a technological watch oriented towards the world of computer science. Come and discover the new technologies implemented by these in the last few years.

Card image cap

Legal Watch

Legal monitoring is specialized in the field of law. It consists in being aware of be aware of the new legal provisions. This consists of know its implementation, with the rights and duties that we must provide. Here the legal watch will be focused on the IT world.